More effort is necessary to overcome geographic, political and cultural obstacles preventing indigenous veterans and serving members of the Canadian Armed Forces from receiving benefits and commemoration they have earned, says the Commons Standing Committee on Veterans Affairs (ACVA). “Confidence that equality in combat will be followed by equal recognition…will be a powerful sign that…


Padre of the Newfoundland Regiment honoured

June 14, 2019 by Legion Magazine

The legacy of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Nangle, chaplain to the Royal Newfoundland Regiment during the First World War, was honoured at his alma mater, St. Bonaventure’s College in St. John’s, on Jan. 17 with the creation of a new bursary. The Nangle Memorial Bursary is a gift from Nangle’s son-in-law, Neil Galbraith and his wife, Mavourneen…


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The Flying Fox versus the Desert Fox

June 14, 2019 by Don Gillmor

Charley Fox grew up in Guelph, Ont., and joined the Royal Canadian Air Force in the spring of 1940. He initially worked as a flight instructor and finally saw action in 1943 as a lieutenant with No. 412 Squadron, whose duties included bomber escort and dive-bombing, where they strafed enemy targets. In the course of…

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George Alfred Newburn: A soldier of the First World War

June 12, 2019 by Stephen J. Thorne

His name was George Alfred Newburn, a labourer from Victoria who was killed during the Battle of Hill 70 in France on Aug. 15, 1917. He was just 18 years old, although Newburn would have you believe he was 20. For almost a century, Private Newburn was listed as missing in action. Then one day…


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Sister ships take part in evacuations

June 12, 2019 by Sharon Adams
HMCS St. Laurent and HMCS Restigouche fired Canadian warships’ first shots of the Second World War on June 11, 1940, in the final echoes of the six-week Battle of France, during which more than half a million Allied troops and civilians were evacuated from ports in France, under great menace from the invading German...

From Dieppe to D-Day

June 5, 2019 by Stephen J. Thorne
In his orders of the day on June 6, 1944, Lieutenant-General Henry D.G. (Harry) Crerar told some 14,500 Canadian soldiers destined for the beaches and drop zones of Normandy that their impending success was thanks largely to the disaster at Dieppe. Almost two years earlier, 5,000 Canadians, 1,000 British and 50 U.S. Army Rangers...

Firefight in Zhari District

June 5, 2019 by Sharon Adams
It was the middle of the night on June 4, 2008, when a squad of five Canadians and a company of 55 Afghan army recruits they were mentoring left base to check on some empty Taliban weapon caches in the Zhari District west of Kandahar. After a long march, they stopped between two farmers’...

Unsung Valour in Normandy

June 4, 2019 by Terry Copp
— Illustrations by Greg Stevenson — Years ago, I was lucky to begin writing about Canadian veterans who had served in Normandy while many were still active and willing to talk about their experiences. Before each interview, I reviewed each veteran’s unit war diary and other documents so I could ask detailed questions. Most...

On this date: June 2019

June 2, 2019 by Legion Magazine
1 JUNE 1956 The RCAF and USAF finalize plans for the Mid-Canada Line, defensive radar sites stretching from Labrador to British Columbia. 2-13 JUNE 1916 Germany captures Mount Sorrel on the Ypres Salient; the Canadian Corps suffers 8,430 casualties, including 130 officers and 3,033 other ranks killed or missing. 6 JUNE 1944 On D-Day,...

5 Ways D-DAY Changed the World

May 31, 2019 by J.L. Granatstein
Three-quarters of a century have passed since American, British and Canadian forces landed on the Normandy coast on June 6, 1944, in the greatest seaborne invasion in history. The attack began the liberation of Western Europe, the defeat of Nazi Germany and the events that followed led to Europe being divided between democracies and...

James Strachan: Old enough to die; too young to drink

May 29, 2019 by Stephen J. Thorne
The grim cost of the D-Day invasion still haunts James Strachan, 75 years after he delivered troops to the beaches of Normandy. Strachan was a signaller aboard a Landing Craft, Infantry (Large), manning the Oerlikon gun as his assault vessel shuttled back and forth across the rolling English Channel, ferrying seasick soldiers in and...

Billy Bishop’s early morning raid

May 29, 2019 by Sharon Adams
In the first two months of Billy Bishop’s flying career, from the end of March to the end of May 1917, the flying ace had brought down 22 planes and earned the Distinguished Service Order and the Military Cross. And his most famous exploit was yet to come. On June 2, he took off...

Peace at last

May 28, 2019 by Sharon Adams
The signing of the Armistice at 5:45 a.m. on Nov. 11, 1918, ended the fighting between the Allies and Germany, but it was the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919, that ushered in peace. It also helped Canada take a step toward sovereignty. Sir Robert Borden was prime minister on...

Preventing broken bones

May 27, 2019 by Sharon Adams
The Canadian Armed Forces takes broken bones very seriously indeed. Personnel suffered more than 4,200 fractures in 2014-16, an examination of military and civilian medical records revealed. Annually over the period, fractures resulted in 34,000 to 81,000 workdays lost, $12.5 million to $30 million in wages lost, and an average cost of $5.6 million...

Eisenhower & Rommel

May 25, 2019 by Mark Zuehlke
DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER In the end, everything depended on the weather. On the evening of June 3, 1944—with 150,000 men, nearly 12,000 aircraft and almost 7,000 sea vessels awaiting his command—Supreme Allied Commander General Dwight D. Eisenhower had to measure the reliability of his chief meteorologist. The Normandy invasion was to have launched on...

The mighty word on D-Day

May 23, 2019 by Stephen J. Thorne
The American employed soaring oratory in calling D-Day troops to “the Great Crusade.” The Brit summoned the words of a 17th-century soldier-poet as he urged the “team” on in their “great and righteous cause.” The Canadian, on the other hand, reminded his troops of the “knowledge and experience bought and paid for” by brothers-in-arms...

Queen Victoria and the growth of Canada

May 23, 2019 by Sharon Adams
May 24 marks the 200th anniversary of the birth of Queen Victoria, during whose 63-year reign Canada moved from colony to confederation—mostly peacefully, thanks in large part to her. Perhaps she was predisposed to fondness for the colony, as her father, Edward, Duke of Kent lived in Canada in the 1790s, eventually becoming commander-in-chief...
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