4 December 1944
Canadians capture Ravenna, Italy.
5 December 2001
In return for amnesty, Mullah Mohammad Omar surrenders Kandahar to Hamid Karzai, leader of the Pashtun forces against the Taliban.
8 December 1915
Punch magazine publishes “In Flanders Fields.”
11 December 1936
King Edward VIII abdicates the British throne to marry American socialite Wallis Simpson.
14 December 1943
Major Paul Triquet earns the Victoria Cross during the fighting at Casa Berardi near Ortona, Italy.
15 December 1964
Parliament approves the maple leaf design for Canada’s new flag.
16 December 1944
The Battle of the Bulge begins—Hitler’s last major offensive on the Western Front.
20 December 1915
Continually pressed by Turkish forces, the Newfoundland Regiment is evacuated from Suvla Bay, Gallipoli.
21 December 1883
The Royal Canadian Dragoons and The Royal Canadian Regiment are formed.
22 December 1919
The Privy Council considers organization of a Canadian air force.
25 December 1991
Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as president of the Soviet Union and hands administrative duties to Boris Yeltsin. The U.S.S.R. officially dissolves the next day.
28 December 1943
Ortona, Italy, is captured after Canadians fight house-to-house, smashing their way through walls. Tanks and artillery were of limited use in the steep and rubble-filled streets.
31 December 1857
Queen Victoria selects Ottawa as the permanent capital of the Province of Canada.