2 September 1945
Japan signs an unconditional surrender, ending six years of war.
3 September 1916
The Canadian Corps take a front along Pozières Ridge near the Somme in northern France.
5 September 1697
In what historian Peter C. Newman called “the greatest Arctic sea battle in North American history,” the British surrendered York Factory to the French in the Battle of Hudson Bay.
6 September 1952
Canada’s first permanent television station, CBFT Montreal, begins broadcasting.
8 September 2007
Lieut. Joseph Tremblay leads Afghan soldiers in combat under enemy fire. He is awarded the Medal of Military Valour.
9 September 1944
HMC ships Dunver and Hespeler sink U-484 south of the Hebrides.
13 September 1759
The British are victorious at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham.
14 September 1990
Canada offers a CF-18 squadron with several hundred military personnel for use in the Persian Gulf during the Gulf War.
16 September 1974
The RCMP swears in its first 32 female officers.
17 September 1949
Future prime minister Lester B. Pearson represents Canada at the first session of the North Atlantic Council, which governs NATO.
18 September 1987
The United States and the Soviet Union agree to reduce the number of nuclear warheads in their arsenals.
23 September 1965
HMCS Ojibwa is commissioned at Chatham, U.K. It is the first submarine to be built to order for the Royal Canadian Navy.
25 September 2007
While under enemy fire in Afghanistan, Capt. Joseph Bordeleau saves a critically injured soldier while directing a quick reaction force. He is awarded the Military Medal of Valour.
26 September 1990
In Quebec, the Oka Crisis ends with the surrender of the Mohawks of Kanesatake.
28 September 1813
HMS Wolfe narrowly escapes destruction during a duel with USS General Pike.
29 September 1962
Alouette I, Canada’s first orbiting satellite, is launched.
30 September 2021
Canada observes its first National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, to honour the lost children and survivors of residential schools, their families, and communities.