1 October 1917
Lt.-Col. Philip Bent is posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for leading a successful counterattack to regain lost positions near Polygon Wood, Belgium.
3 October 1987
Canada and the U.S. reach a free-trade agreement, although the deal is not ratified until later.
4 October 1957
The Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow is unveiled at Malton, Ont.
6 October 1986
The UN presents the people of Canada with the Nansen Refugee Award for the country’s record of welcoming refugees.
8 October 2008
After an ambush in Afghanistan, M.Cpl. David Tedford leaves his vehicle in a hail of bullets to clear a jammed cannon. He is awarded the Medal of Military Valour.
12 October 1917
The First Battle of Passchendaele begins. By the time the village is captured in November, more than 15,000 Canadians are killed and wounded.
15 October 1970
At the height of the October Crisis, the Canadian Army is ordered into Montreal.
16 October 1690
Colonists in Quebec City repel an attack by an English fleet of some 30 ships and 2,300 men.
17 October 1944
HMC ships Prince Henry and Prince David land liberation forces in Greece.
18 October 1917
The Canadian Corps relieves Australian and New Zealand forces, which had been decimated at the First Battle of Passchendaele.
19 October 1987
Panicked stockholders sell off millions of shares causing world stock markets to collapse.
20 October 1871
Militia General Order No. 24 authorizes the formation of the first two batteries of Canada’s Permanent Force.
22 October 1943
The crew of U-537 set up an automatic weather station at Martin Bay in northern Labrador. It is not discovered by Canadian officials until 1981.
23 October 2007
Under fire during combat in Afghanistan, WO Joseph Léon evacuates two wounded soldiers and helps repel the enemy. He is awarded the Medal of Military Valour.
24 October 1971
The UN recommends that member states observe United Nations Day as a public holiday.
25 October 1854
During the Charge of the Light Brigade in the Crimean War, Canadian-born Lieut. Alexander Dunn earns the Victoria Cross.
27 October 1941
Nearly 2,000 members of the
Canadian Army, known as C-Force, sail for Hong Kong.