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On this date: October 2022


1 October 1917 

Lt.-Col. Philip Bent is posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for leading a successful counterattack to regain lost positions near Polygon Wood, Belgium.

3 October 1987 

Canada and the U.S. reach a free-trade agreement, although the deal is not ratified until later.

Malton, Ontario 4 October 1957
Birds Eye view of a CF105 Jet Fighter Aircraft “Avro Arrow” in Malton Ontario at the Avro Arrow Indusries Hangar.

4 October 1957 

The Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow is unveiled at Malton, Ont.

General / UNHCR’s Nansen medal, awarded annually to recognize exceptional commitment to helping refugees.
UNHCR / S. Hopper / 2 November 2006

6 October 1986 

The UN presents the people of Canada with the Nansen Refugee Award for the country’s record of welcoming refugees.

 8 October 2008 

After an ambush in Afghanistan, M.Cpl. David Tedford leaves his vehicle in a hail of bullets to clear a jammed cannon. He is awarded the Medal of Military Valour.

12 October 1917 

The First Battle of Passchendaele begins. By the time the village is captured in November, more than 15,000 Canadians are killed and wounded.

15 October 1970 

At the height of the October Crisis, the Canadian Army is ordered into Montreal.

16 October 1690 

Colonists in Quebec City repel an attack by an English fleet of some 30 ships and 2,300 men.

17 October 1944 

HMC ships Prince Henry and Prince David land liberation forces in Greece. 

18 October 1917 

The Canadian Corps relieves Australian and New Zealand forces, which had been decimated at the First Battle of Passchendaele.

19 October 1987 

Panicked stockholders sell off millions of shares causing world stock markets to collapse.

20 October 1871 

Militia General Order No. 24 authorizes the formation of the first two batteries of Canada’s Permanent Force.

22 October 1943 

The crew of U-537 set up an automatic weather station at Martin Bay in northern Labrador. It is not discovered by Canadian officials until 1981.

23 October 2007  

Under fire during combat in Afghanistan, WO Joseph Léon evacuates two wounded soldiers and helps repel the enemy. He is awarded the Medal of Military Valour.

24 October 1971

The UN recommends that member states observe United Nations Day as a public holiday.

25 October 1854 

During the Charge of the Light Brigade in the Crimean War, Canadian-born Lieut. Alexander Dunn earns the Victoria Cross.

27 October 1941 

Nearly 2,000 members of the

Canadian Army, known as C-Force, sail for Hong Kong.


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