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On This Date: June 2014

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Opening ceremony of United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti. [PHOTO: UNITED NATIONS MULTIMEDIA—UN5229]

Opening ceremony of United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti.
PHOTO: UNITED NATIONS MULTIMEDIA—UN5229

JUNE 1, 2004
The United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti assumes responsibility for supporting the transitional government and reforming the national police force. Canadian police and military personnel play significant roles.

Billy Bishop [PHOTO: LEGION MAGAZINE ARCHIVES]

Billy Bishop
PHOTO: LEGION MAGAZINE ARCHIVES

JUNE 2, 1917
Canadian Billy Bishop conducts a solo aerial attack on a German aerodrome in Cambrai, France. He is later awarded the Victoria Cross.

Lt. Col. Samuel Steele [PHOTO: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA028146]

Lt. Col. Samuel Steele
PHOTO: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA028146

JUNE 3, 1885
A Northwest Mounted Police detachment led by Sam Steele fights Big Bear’s Cree warriors in the Battle of Steele Narrows, west of Loon Lake, Sask.

JUNE 4, 1742
The 500-tonne Canada, the first warship built in New France, is launched. She carries 40 cannons and a crew of 120.

JUNE 5, 1900
British troops take Pretoria in the South African War.

JUNE 6, 1944
Canadian troops land on Juno Beach and begin fighting their way inland. Canada also contributes naval and air forces to the five-division assault on the enemy in Normandy. As well, Canadians participate in the early morning airborne landings in support of the seaborne assault.

JUNE 7, 1832
Asian cholera arrives aboard a ship from Ireland, starting an epidemic that claims 6,000 lives in Lower Canada.

Corporal Joseph Kaeble [ILLUSTRATION: SHARIF TARABAY]

Corporal Joseph Kaeble
ILLUSTRATION: SHARIF TARABAY

JUNE 8-9, 1918
Corporal Joseph Kaeble of St-Moise, Que., uses a Lewis gun to repulse a German advance on the Canadian line near Arras, France. Mortally wounded, he is posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.

JUNE 9, 1970
The first Canadian relief parcels are dropped by RCAF crews to survivors of a devastating earthquake in Peru.

Rt. Hon. John G. Diefenbaker [PHOTO: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA130070]

Rt. Hon. John G. Diefenbaker
PHOTO: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA130070

JUNE 10, 1957
John Diefenbaker forms a minority government.

JUNE 11, 1999
A United Nations mission, including 600 Canadians, is established in East Timor; it helps organize elections, support the new government and establish rule of law.

Pilot Officer Andrew Mynarski [PHOTO: LEGION MAGAZINE ARCHIVES]

Pilot Officer Andrew Mynarski
PHOTO: LEGION MAGAZINE ARCHIVES

JUNE 12-13, 1944
With his aircraft on fire, Pilot Officer Andrew Mynarski of Winnipeg delays his own escape to help a fellow crew member. Ironically, his crewmate survives the crash, but Mynarski dies of burns. He is posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.

JUNE 14, 1917
Captain B.D. Hobbs of Sault Ste. Marie, Ont., downs a Zeppelin off the Dutch coast.

JUNE 15, 1915
The 1st Canadian Battalion, using new Lee-Enfield rifles, attacks two German strongpoints as the Battle of Givenchy begins.

JUNE 16-17, 1940
Attempts to help the French ward off the German invasion are deemed fruitless. The 1st Canadian Division is among Allied troops ordered back to England. In two days, thousands of Allied military personnel are evacuated from St. Malo and other locations.

Prime Minister Mackenzie King [PHOTO: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—C013225]

Prime Minister Mackenzie King
PHOTO: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—C013225

JUNE 18, 1940
Prime Minister Mackenzie King introduces the National Resources Mobilization Bill. It proposes a national registration of men between the ages of 21 and 45 for conscription for home defence.

JUNE 19, 1980
Three gunmen who attacked the British embassy in Baghdad are shot dead by Iraqi security forces.

JUNE 20, 1959
A massive unexpected storm hits Miramichi Bay in New Brunswick, sinking 22 boats and claiming 35 lives.

JUNE 21, 1940
In the aftermath of the fall of France, HMCS Fraser evacuates diplomats from the French-Spanish border, including Lieutenant-Colonel Georges Vanier, future governor general of Canada.

Meeting between Laura Secord and Lieut. Fitzgibbon. [ILLUSTRATION: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—C011053]

Meeting between Laura Secord and Lieut. Fitzgibbon.
ILLUSTRATION: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—C011053

JUNE 22, 1813
Laura Secord begins her 32-kilometre trek from Queenston, Ont., through fields and woods to warn the British of a surprise attack by the Americans.

JUNE 23, 1985
A terrorist bomb on an Air India flight bound to London, England, from Toronto (via Montreal) kills 329 people, most of them Canadian.

JUNE 24, 1948
The Soviet Union blockades Berlin in an effort to expand territory. The RCAF is part of an Allied effort that saw 200,000 flights in one year provide food to West Berlin.

JUNE 25, 1950
A full-scale invasion of the Republic of Korea by forces from North Korea means war. Nearly 27,000 Canadians serve; 516 were killed and 1,558 wounded between 1950 and 1953.

JUNE 26, 1946
Canadian Air Cadets become the Royal Canadian Air Cadets.

JUNE 27, 1918
Fourteen nursing sisters are among the 234 who die when the Canadian hospital ship Llandovery Castle is torpedoed by a U-boat.

JUNE 28, 1922
The National Defence Act consolidates the Department of Naval Services, Department of Militia and Defence and the Air Board in the Department of National Defence.

JUNE 29, 1922
France grants Canada 100 hectares of land surrounding Vimy Ridge for a memorial park; the Canadian National Vimy Memorial would be unveiled there in 1936.

JUNE 30, 1912
A 400-metre wide tornado with winds of 800 kilometres per hour rips through Regina, killing 28 people and leaving 2,500 homeless.

 

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Canadian infantry walking through rubble. [PHOTO: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA162651]

Canadian infantry walking through rubble.
PHOTO: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA162651

July 9, 1944
Canadian troops start clearing Caen of snipers, mines and booby traps.

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