Military History

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Trench life

The Great War took more than 600,000 Canadians from all parts of the country and put them in uniform. The transition from civilian to soldier was not easy, and everyone had to learn much about military procedures and culture—uniforms, ranks, insignia, rations, weaponry, terminology—and, most important, adjust to the presence of aggression, violence and...
  • St. Laurent and Kim Il-Sung

    January 2, 2018 by Mark Zuehlke
    On Aug. 7, 1950, Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent addressed the nation by radio. The subject was North Korea’s attack on South Korea and the response by the United Nations and Canada. “Our objective is not to make war. We are…doing our best to prevent...
  • On this date: December 2017

    December 1, 2017 by Legion Magazine
    1 December 1941 Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives final approval to commence hostilities with the United States. 2 December 1943 Members of the First Special Service Force begin climbing Mount la Difensa, Italy, in an attempt to clear German positions. 3 December 1997 The Ottawa...
  • The Cinderella campaign

    November 30, 2017 by Mark Zuehlke
    In the lead-up to Operation Market Garden—the Allied military operation to encircle Germany’s industrial Ruhr district in September 1944—British Army Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery and Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force General Dwight D. Eisenhower took a calculated risk and assigned First Canadian Army to open...
  • On Sept. 29, 1941, Lieutenant-General Andrew McNaughton described the more than 124,000 Canadians in Britain as “a dagger pointed at the heart of Berlin.” It was, however, a dagger increasingly dulled by inaction. Knowing this, McNaughton attained authorization from Ottawa to commit troops to “minor”...
  • On July 10, 1943, the 1st Canadian Infantry Division—about 18,000 men—stormed ashore in Sicily as part of Operation Husky and filed into the island’s mountainous heart. The division had been the first Canadians to deploy to Britain in December 1939. Now they marched to battle....
  • On this date: November 2017

    October 31, 2017 by Legion Magazine
    1 November 1914 Four recent graduates of the Royal Naval College of Canada are among those lost when Germany’s Asiatic Squadron sinks HMS Good Hope. They are Canada’s first naval casualties of the war. 2 November 1869 With a band of 120 armed men, Louis...
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