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The Phoney War

Two days after Germany invaded Poland on Sept. 1, 1939, Britain and France declared war on the Nazi regime. On the evening of Sept. 3, a German U-boat torpedoed the British passenger liner SS Athenia, a sign that Hitler intended to wage a ruthless war at sea. The sinking triggered ample public outrage, but little...
  • A Question Of Command: Army, Part 45

    March 1, 2003 by Terry Copp
    Major Fred Tilston earned the Victoria Cross for leading an attack on March 1, 1945. Blockbuster, one of the largest and most costly operations carried out by 1st Canadian Army during World War II, has always provoked bitter comments from veterans who served at the...
  • Rowley Walter Murphy

    January 1, 2003 by Jennifer Morse
    Seamen on Jetty Being Instructed on Bends and Hitches. Rowley Walter Murphy was a precise artist. Every painting was carefully rendered and demonstrated his love affair with ships and Canada’s World War II navy, and each painting was one more opportunity to explore the moods...
  • Operation Blockbuster Begins: Army, Part 44

    January 1, 2003 by Terry Copp
    Allied military vehicles negotiate a rubble-filled street in Calcar, Germany, on Feb. 28, 1945. When Operation Veritable began on Feb. 8, 1945, Lieutenant-General Harry Crerar predicted that if weather conditions were poor a series of set-piece operations would be required to reach Xanten, Germany, located...
  • Clearing Moyland Wood: Army, Part 43

    November 1, 2002 by Terry Copp
    Private Eddie Gagne of Le Regiment de Maisonneuve sips tea outside a castle at Moyland, Germany, in February 1945 Operation Veritable, which began on Feb. 8, 1945, was supposed to be the northern area of a vast pincer movement intended to destroy enemy forces west...
  • Thurston Topham

    September 1, 2002 by Jennifer Morse
    An Ammunition Column. Thurston Topham was Canadian by choice, not birth. Born in England in 1888, he emigrated to Montreal when he was 23. His British education prepared him for architecture and interior decoration, but after his experiences in World War I he decided to...
  • The Start Of The Rhineland Offensive: Army, Part 42

    September 1, 2002 by Terry Copp
          Vehicles from the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division negotiate a flooded road near Cleve, Germany, in February 1945. The operations carried out by 1st Canadian Army in the Rhineland during February and March 1945 involved as many Canadian units as fought in the...