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HMCS Labrador explores the Arctic

Commissioned on July 8, 1954, HMCS Labrador was the first warship to sail across the Northwest Passage, returning to home port in Halifax via the Panama Canal, the first to circumnavigate North America in a single voyage. But the Wind-class icebreaker’s biggest contributions were mapping the waterways and establishing Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic....
  • Fathering Civil Aviation: Air Force, Part 8

    March 1, 2005 by Hugh A. Halliday
    photo: NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF CANADA–PA139754 John Wilson accepts the Trans-Canada Trophy in Ottawa in 1944. Canada owes an enormous debt to John Armistead Wilson. Indeed, there should be an airport named after him, for in many ways he invented the Royal Canadian Air Force and...
  • The U-boat Summer of 1918: Navy, Part 8

    March 1, 2005 by Marc Milner
    PHOTO: THE MARINERS’ MUSEUM, NEWPORT NEWS, VA. Although nearly destroyed in 1918, the Dornfontein was resurrected as the Netherton in 1919. On July 31, 1918, the new four-masted schooner Dornfontein cleared Saint John harbour bound for South Africa with a load of lumber. Three days...
  • Hand-to-hand On Hill 70: Part 8 of 18

    March 1, 2005 by Arthur Bishop
    ILLUSTRATIONS: SHARIF TARABAY Clockwise from top left: Victoria Cross recipients Michael James O’Rourke, Harry Brown, Frederick Hobson, Filip Konowal, Robert Hanna and Okill Massey Learmonth. During a bitter 10-day struggle—from Aug. 15-25, 1917—the Canadian Corps overran Hill 70, a treeless hillock on the north side...
  • Fateful Decisions On The Somme: Army, Part 56

    January 1, 2005 by Terry Copp
    PHOTO: NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF CANADA–PA000909 Wounded soldiers receive treatment during the Battle of Courcelette, Sept. 15, 1916. By February 1916 the situation confronting the British Empire and France was incredibly bleak. The failure of the 1915 offensives on the Western Front and the crushing defeat...
  • Menace Below The Surface: Navy, Part 7

    January 1, 2005 by Marc Milner
    PHOTO: NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF CANADA–PA171102 Workers add the finishing touches to two drifters being built for the navy at Lauzon, Que., in 1917. The attack on Allied merchant shipping off New England in October 1916 by U-53 changed Canada’s naval requirements overnight, and laid the...
  • Canadian Content In The RAF: Air Force, Part 7

    January 1, 2005 by Hugh A. Halliday
    photo: NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF CANADA–C-086058 Percival S. Turner in 1941. At the outbreak of World War II, the Royal Canadian Air Force had 4,061 personnel, including 512 pilots. Overseas, Royal Air Force ranks included roughly 900 Canadians who had previously joined that force; approximately 700...

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