Military History

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Pilots Down

Canada’s most up-to-date aircraft in 1939 was the Northrop Delta, manufactured under licence by Canadian Vickers Ltd. in Montreal. It was about the size of a de Havilland DHC-3 Otter—a large, single-engine, low-wing monoplane, powerful and fast. Although noisy and said to be nose-heavy, the Delta was a versatile aircraft and pilots generally spoke...
  • Operation Blockbuster Begins: Army, Part 44

    January 1, 2003 by Terry Copp
    Allied military vehicles negotiate a rubble-filled street in Calcar, Germany, on Feb. 28, 1945. When Operation Veritable began on Feb. 8, 1945, Lieutenant-General Harry Crerar predicted that if weather conditions were poor a series of set-piece operations would be required to reach Xanten, Germany, located...
  • Clearing Moyland Wood: Army, Part 43

    November 1, 2002 by Terry Copp
    Private Eddie Gagne of Le Regiment de Maisonneuve sips tea outside a castle at Moyland, Germany, in February 1945 Operation Veritable, which began on Feb. 8, 1945, was supposed to be the northern area of a vast pincer movement intended to destroy enemy forces west...
  • Thurston Topham

    September 1, 2002 by Jennifer Morse
    An Ammunition Column. Thurston Topham was Canadian by choice, not birth. Born in England in 1888, he emigrated to Montreal when he was 23. His British education prepared him for architecture and interior decoration, but after his experiences in World War I he decided to...
  • The Start Of The Rhineland Offensive: Army, Part 42

    September 1, 2002 by Terry Copp
          Vehicles from the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division negotiate a flooded road near Cleve, Germany, in February 1945. The operations carried out by 1st Canadian Army in the Rhineland during February and March 1945 involved as many Canadian units as fought in the...
  • Francis Forster

    May 1, 2002 by Jennifer Morse
    Stevedore. Travel and adventure have been a big part of war artist ‘s life. Born in 1907 in Calcutta, India, he and his family immigrated to Canada and settled in Toronto in 1928. He studied art in London, England, and Paris and held teaching positions...
  • Personnel from the Lincoln and Welland Regiment’s canoe commando party train for the January 1945 assault on Kapelsche Veer. On Nov. 2, 2001 a large delegation of Canadians as well as many Dutch citizens gathered at the Bergen-op-Zoom Canadian War Cemetery for the long-delayed funerals...
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