A quiet victory in the Gulf

When Canada declared war on Germany in September 1939, the most immediate threat to the country was an attack on its shipping. That fear was so palpable that when periscopes were soon “sighted” in the St. Lawrence River, no one was surprised. A “submarine diviner” with a plumb-bob and a chart of the river...
  • Historic WWI Photo – Canadian Submarines

    October 11, 2011 by Legion Magazine
    Canadian-built submarines H-3, H-4, H-5 and H-6 alongside in Montreal. LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES...
  • In 1939, the bulk of the pre-war Royal Canadian Navy—four of six destroyers—had been deployed on the Pacific coast in response to the very real threat of war with Japan. War with Germany soon stripped British Columbia of its naval forces, so that when war...
  • At The Edge Of Disaster: Navy, Part 46

    August 24, 2011 by Marc Milner
    The expansion of the war in 1942 pulled Canada’s small ship navy in several directions simultaneously, stretching it thin and leading—ultimately—to the greatest crisis in Canadian naval history. The navy’s senior officers were sharply criticized for the way in which they handled these challenges and...
  • Lost In The Dark: Navy, Part 45

    June 19, 2011 by Marc Milner
    Events off the American eastern seaboard in early 1942 typically capture the attention of historians when it comes to examining this phase of the Atlantic war. But for the Royal Canadian Navy’s escorts on the North Atlantic Run, early 1942 transatlantic escort of convoys remained...
  • Busy Little Port: Navy, Part 44

    April 8, 2011 by Marc Milner
    Naval historians have naturally concentrated on the great naval base of Halifax, and on the secondary naval bases developed at Sydney, N.S., and St John’s, Nfld. And much has been written on the role of minor ports and bases, such as Gaspé, Que., in the...
  • An American Blunder: Navy, Part 43

    February 12, 2011 by Marc Milner
    On the night of Jan. 11-12, 1942, the war at sea reached the Western Hemisphere when U-123 torpedoed and sank the British steamer SS Cyclops southeast of Cape Sable, N.S. Kapitainleutant Reinhard Hardegen’s U-boat was the first of a wave of five submarines ordered into...
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