Trench life

The Great War took more than 600,000 Canadians from all parts of the country and put them in uniform. The transition from civilian to soldier was not easy, and everyone had to learn much about military procedures and culture—uniforms, ranks, insignia, rations, weaponry, terminology—and, most important, adjust to the presence of aggression, violence and...
  • Achievement On The Atlantic: Army, Part 5

    February 1, 1996 by Terry Copp
    The full story of the Royal Canadian Navy’s contribution to Allied victory in WW II has not been told. In Ottawa, the much-reduced Directorate of History at the Department of National Defence is preparing a multi-volume official history, but this will take some years to...
  • Standing Up To The Blitz: Army, Part 4

    January 1, 1996 by Terry Copp
    The Blitz started without any warning. Churchill and the defence chiefs met for an emergency meeting the day before it began but their concerns were intelligence reports indicating that the invasion of England–Operation Sealion–was about to start. Nerves were stretched to the breaking point and...
  • The Battle Over Britain: Army, Part 3

    November 1, 1995 by Terry Copp
    When Winston Churchill rose to speak in the British House of Commons on June 4, 1940, the rescue of British and French troops from Dunkirk was complete.The attempts to create a second British Expeditionary Force for France could not disguise the scale of the disaster...
  • The Fall Of France: Army, Part 2

    October 1, 1995 by Terry Copp
    Historians now explain the collapse of French military resistance in June 1940 in ways that make defeat seem inevitable. But at the time, the fall of France was, in the words of the British foreign secretary, “so unbelievable as to be almost surely unreal”. Thoughtful...
  • The Decision To Enter WW II: Army, Part 1

    September 1, 1995 by Terry Copp
    John Keegan, the famous British military historian, has written a new book based on his Barbara Frum Lectures presented in Toronto last spring. Entitled The Battle For History: ReFighting World War Two, it introduces readers to some of the historical controversies that enliven university classrooms....