Army

Opening the Estuary

Britain’s XXX Corps closed in on Antwerp on Aug. 30, 1944, General Bernard Montgomery decided it was unnecessary to open the Belgian city’s massive port to Allied shipping. So, despite the liberation of the city on Sept. 2, no advance north of the Albert Canal was attempted. This left the 80-kilometre estuary—at the tidal...
  • The Battle For Ortona: Army, Part 18

    November 1, 1997 by Terry Copp
    The actual terrain over which a battle is fought may be the most important primary source of information available to the historian, but ground must be related to weather. Canadians who visit Italy’s Adriatic coast are unlikely to arrive in the grey of winter, when...
  • Looking Beyond The Casualties: Army, Part 17

    September 1, 1997 by Terry Copp
    The University of Edinburgh in Scotland has recently established a centre for WW II studies that could serve as a model for Canadian universities. Its mandate is “to promote knowledge and understanding of all aspects” of WW II and to “stimulate research into major themes...
  • The news of General Andrew McNaughton’s retirement was announced on Dec. 26, 1943. McNaughton’s brief statement offered no explanation for the decision and the men and women of what was sometimes called “Andy’s army” were surprised and confused. The following week, as McNaughton and his...
  • The Invasion Of Sicily: Army, Part 15

    March 1, 1997 by Terry Copp
    One of the most enduring myths about Canadian military history is that historians and the general public have concentrated their attention on the campaign in Northwest Europe ignoring the “D-Day Dodgers” and the battles in the Mediterranean. This view persists despite the popularity of Farley...
  • The Mediterranean Theatre: Army, Part 14

    January 1, 1997 by Terry Copp
    World War II was fought on many strange battlefields, but none was more unusual than North Africa. Fighting began there because Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, surprised by the rapid collapse of the French army, decided he needed a “few thousand corpses” or Italy would not...
  • Servicewomen of WW II: Army, Part 13

    November 1, 1996 by Terry Copp
    Remembrance day in our community begins when small knots of people gather at the cenotaph that overlooks a quiet mill pond. The township has built a children’s playground nearby so we share the space with swings and a brightly colored slide. On a cold, crisp...