Army

Opening the Estuary

Britain’s XXX Corps closed in on Antwerp on Aug. 30, 1944, General Bernard Montgomery decided it was unnecessary to open the Belgian city’s massive port to Allied shipping. So, despite the liberation of the city on Sept. 2, no advance north of the Albert Canal was attempted. This left the 80-kilometre estuary—at the tidal...
  • Operation Blockbuster Begins: Army, Part 44

    January 1, 2003 by Terry Copp
    Allied military vehicles negotiate a rubble-filled street in Calcar, Germany, on Feb. 28, 1945. When Operation Veritable began on Feb. 8, 1945, Lieutenant-General Harry Crerar predicted that if weather conditions were poor a series of set-piece operations would be required to reach Xanten, Germany, located...
  • Clearing Moyland Wood: Army, Part 43

    November 1, 2002 by Terry Copp
    Private Eddie Gagne of Le Regiment de Maisonneuve sips tea outside a castle at Moyland, Germany, in February 1945 Operation Veritable, which began on Feb. 8, 1945, was supposed to be the northern area of a vast pincer movement intended to destroy enemy forces west...
  • The Start Of The Rhineland Offensive: Army, Part 42

    September 1, 2002 by Terry Copp
          Vehicles from the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division negotiate a flooded road near Cleve, Germany, in February 1945. The operations carried out by 1st Canadian Army in the Rhineland during February and March 1945 involved as many Canadian units as fought in the...
  • Personnel from the Lincoln and Welland Regiment’s canoe commando party train for the January 1945 assault on Kapelsche Veer. On Nov. 2, 2001 a large delegation of Canadians as well as many Dutch citizens gathered at the Bergen-op-Zoom Canadian War Cemetery for the long-delayed funerals...
  • Bomber Command Strategy: Army, Part 40

    March 1, 2002 by Terry Copp
    A church service is held in Normandy, France, in August 1944 for members of an RCAF Typhoon fighter-bomber wing. Petrol tins and ammunition boxes were used instead of pews. A new biography on Bomber Harris, written by the former head of the Royal Air Force...
  • Advancing To The Maas: Army, Part 39

    January 1, 2002 by Terry Copp
        A recent battlefield tour of Belgium and the Netherlands was greatly enriched by the presence of World War II veterans, including two who served with the Algonquin Regiment in the battles to liberate the Low Countries. Georges Paquette and Ernie Hilts shared their...