Army

Opening the Estuary

Britain’s XXX Corps closed in on Antwerp on Aug. 30, 1944, General Bernard Montgomery decided it was unnecessary to open the Belgian city’s massive port to Allied shipping. So, despite the liberation of the city on Sept. 2, no advance north of the Albert Canal was attempted. This left the 80-kilometre estuary—at the tidal...
  • Fateful Decisions On The Somme: Army, Part 56

    January 1, 2005 by Terry Copp
    PHOTO: NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF CANADA–PA000909 Wounded soldiers receive treatment during the Battle of Courcelette, Sept. 15, 1916. By February 1916 the situation confronting the British Empire and France was incredibly bleak. The failure of the 1915 offensives on the Western Front and the crushing defeat...
  • Slaughter At St-Éloi: Army, Part 55

    November 1, 2004 by Terry Copp
    PHOTO: NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF CANADA, Walter B. Riddiford–PA145659 Canadian soldiers enjoy coffee on the Western Front in 1916. When the government of Kaiser Wilhelm’s Germany decided to change the balance of power in Europe by military action, it did so in the firm belief that...
  • Trench Warfare In 1915: Army, Part 54

    September 1, 2004 by Terry Copp
    PHOTO: HORACE BROWN, NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF CANADA—PA107276 Canadian troops share a smoke in the trenches in France in 1915. The last elements of 1st Canadian Infantry Division left the Ypres salient on May 4, 1915, having suffered just over 6,000 casualties. One Canadian battalion, the...
  • The Horrors Of Gas Warfare: Army, Part 53

    July 1, 2004 by Terry Copp
    Photo: national archives of canada Richard Jack’s painting, The Second Battle of Ypres, depicts the battle scene in 1915. While 1st Canadian Infantry Division was training and re-equipping in England, the war on the Western Front had become stalemated. Trenches began to stretch from the...
  • Turning To World War I: Army, Part 52

    May 1, 2004 by Terry Copp
    From top: Bell tents and men fill a field at Camp Valcartier, Que., in 1914; A march-past is organized at Camp Borden, Ont., in July 1916; (Inset) Sir Sam Hughes (right) visits Camp Valcartier in September 1914. Most of the world remembers World War I...
  • The Fall Of The Reich: Army, Part 51

    March 1, 2004 by Terry Copp
    Canadian soldiers toss their hats in the air in celebration of the formal surrender of German forces in the Netherlands. The date is May 5, 1945. Starting a war is easy, the difficult part is ending it. When Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin met at Yalta...
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