PHOTO: ALEX STIRTON, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA177155
A tank, carrying Canadian soldiers, heads towards Potenza, Italy, in September 1943.
When Operation Baytown--the Anglo-Canadian invasion of mainland Italy--was in the planning stages, Major-General Guy Simonds, the general officer commanding 1st Canadian Division, informed his brigade commanders that he would employ mobile battlegroups if the enemy simply withdrew.
On D-Day plus four, X Force, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel C.H. Neroutsos, the commanding officer of the Calgary Tanks, led the advance along the coastal highway, but on Sept. 9, 1943, Montgomery ordered the Canadians to pause a...