O Canada

A day off

The 19th century wasn’t a golden era for workers. In Newfoundland, six-year-olds were given the job of splitting fish, while processing was done by 10-year-old girls. Eight-year-old boys worked in Cape Breton coal mines. At Toronto’s Gooderham and Worts distillery, child workers as young as 10 worked long days and were given rations of whisky to...
  • Hockey’s Forgotten Pioneer

    January 18, 2008 by D'Arcy Jenish
    Hockey action at Montreal’s Victoria Skating Rink in 1893 PHOTO: NOTMAN AND SON/MOLSON ARCHIVES/LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA139443 James Creighton—the law clerk of the Canadian Senate for 48 years and a man who has been called “the inventor of hockey”—was one of history’s forgotten figures for...
  • When Cod Ruled the Rock

    November 1, 2007 by Graham Chandler
    PHOTOS: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA188224; GRAHAM CHANDLER; LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA202293; GRAHAM CHANDLER Clockwise from top: Ships at anchor off Newfoundland, 1857; archeologist Peter Pope examines the remains of 18th century galets, used for drying cod; cod is dried and collected at Cape Rouge, Nfld.,...
  • A Century of Scouting

    November 1, 2007 by James Careless
    PHOTOS: A. DOUGHTY, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA022273; COURTESY SCOUTS CANADA Clockwise from top: Boy Scouts help line the route during a royal visit in the early 1900s; lending a hand on Apple Day; Scouts participate in an Ottawa parade. A hundred years ago, the Boy...
  • The Sad Story Of Partridge Island

    September 1, 2007 by Linda Hersey
    PHOTO: MARK HEMMINGS/NEW BRUNSWICK MUSEUM COLLECTION—X13631 Partridge Island, viewed from Saint John. It’s considered one of the best-kept historical secrets in the country–Partridge Island, also known as Canada’s Emerald Isle. But unless you’ve got special permission from the Canadian Coast Guard, about the only way...
  • Iceberg Wranglers

    September 1, 2007 by Graham Chandler
    PHOTOS: PARKS CANADA/W. LYNCH 01.10.19(20); PARKS CANADA/W. LYNCH 13.01.03.19(30); HIBERNIA MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT COMPANY LTD. An iceberg in Swale Tickle off Newfoundland. Inset left to right: Icebergs along the east coast of Bylot Island; Hibernia crew on a support vessel perform exercises outside St. John’s....
  • Exploring David Thompson

    July 1, 2007 by D'Arcy Jenish
    PHOTOS: THE DAVID THOMPSON BRIGADE; ILLUSTRATION: C.W. JEFFERYS, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—C073573 Clockwise from top left: A brigade logo; members of today’s David Thompson Brigade; a sketch of the explorer using a sextant to take an observation; a section of the Columbia River; one of...
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