On Dec. 15, 1964, the bitter argument over the new Canadian flag came to an end when closure was invoked to shut down the debate in Parliament.
Two months later, the new Maple Leaf flag became the official Canadian national flag, replacing the Union Jack—officially known as the Royal Union Flag—and the Canadian Red Ensign.
There were plenty of bumps along the way to approval of our new national symbol.
The Union Jack, the flag of the United Kingdom, was the national flag of all British Overseas Territories, including Canada. But after Confederation a distinctly Canadian image was desired, and the Canadian Red Ensign filled the bill.
The Red Ensign “with the Canadian badge on the fly…has come to be considered as the recognized flag of the Dominion, both ashore and afloat,” wrote...