Day: December 15, 2021

Hirohito backed U.S. war months before Pearl Harbor attack, says aide’s diary
Defence Today, Front Lines

Hirohito backed U.S. war months before Pearl Harbor attack, says aide’s diary

Japanese Emperor Hirohito was long depicted as a naïve pacifist who reluctantly acceded to the wishes of his hawkish military leaders. But the newly released diaries of one of his closest aides suggest the emperor posthumously known as Shōwa thought war with the West was inevitable and was preparing for it earnestly two months before Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. Relatives of Admiral Saburō Hyakutake, who served as the emperor’s grand chamberlain and managed the royal household, deposited 25 of his diaries and pocket notebooks, along with memos he wrote, to the library at the University of Tokyo’s graduate schools for law and politics. They became available to the public in September. Hirohito escaped a war crimes trial based on the public premise that he had resisted ratcheting up...
The birth of the Maple Leaf
Military History, Military Milestones

The birth of the Maple Leaf

On Dec. 15, 1964, the bitter argument over the new Canadian flag came to an end when closure was invoked to shut down the debate in Parliament. Two months later, the new Maple Leaf flag became the official Canadian national flag, replacing the Union Jack—officially known as the Royal Union Flag—and the Canadian Red Ensign. There were plenty of bumps along the way to approval of our new national symbol. The Union Jack, the flag of the United Kingdom, was the national flag of all British Overseas Territories, including Canada. But after Confederation a distinctly Canadian image was desired, and the Canadian Red Ensign filled the bill. The Red Ensign “with the Canadian badge on the fly…has come to be considered as the recognized flag of the Dominion, both ashore and afloat,” wrote...

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