On the night of June 27, 1918, 14 nursing sisters, all but two Canadian, died, victims of a war crime.
The Canadian hospital ship Llandovery Castle was on its way back to England after delivering recovering soldiers to Halifax. It was running with full lights, its Red Cross clearly illuminated, when it crossed the path of a German U-boat about 200 kilometres from the Irish coast.
Although attacking a hospital ship was against international law as well as the standing orders of the German navy, U-86’s captain Helmut Brümmer-Patzig believed it was carrying troops and ammunition. He launched a torpedo attack, ignoring his right under the Hague Convention to stop and search the ship.
It took only 10 minutes for the ship to sink, but in that time survivors were bustled into lifeboats. ...