The Battle of Ancre Heights begins. 2 OCTOBER 1952
Three are killed, 10 wounded when the HMCS Iroquois is hit by a shore battery in North Korea.
3 OCTOBER 1927
Prime Minister W.L. Mackenzie King chats with the British PM, inaugurating Canadian transatlantic telephone service.
The SS Florizel, carrying the Newfoundland Regiment’s First 500, joins the armada carrying the first Canadian contingent to the First World War. 5 OCTOBER 1984
Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space, aboard the space shuttle Challenger.
6-7 OCTOBER 1944
RCAF No. 6 Group commits 293 aircraft to a bombing raid in Germany’s industrial Ruhr Valley.
The first of Canada’s 50,000 Spanish flu victims dies in Montreal. 8-10 OCTOBER 1918
Hurricane bombardment from 324 tanks is unleashed in the 2nd Battle of Cambrai.
9-10 OCTOBER 1970
Debate starts over making concessions to the FLQ for release of kidnapped diplomat James Cross.
Sam Hughes is sworn in as minister of militia and defence. 11 OCTOBER 1918
Lieut. Wallace Algie leads the capture of two machine guns, an officer and 10 men at Cambrai, earning the Victoria Cross. 12 OCTOBER 1915
British nurse Edith Cavell is executed for helping Allied prisoners escape occupied Brussels.
13 OCTOBER 1917
Gen. Arthur Currie is asked to deploy Canadian troops on the Passchendaele front.
14 OCTOBER 1942
A U-boat torpedoes the passenger ferry Caribou in the Cabot Strait, killing 136 of 237 aboard.
15 OCTOBER 1942
An RCAF unit forms to oversee the Northwest Staging Route, airstrips built through Alberta, B.C. and the North to ensure a wartime supply route to Russia.
Quebec City cannons repel an attack by an English fleet of 30 ships and 2,300 men.
17 OCTOBER 1916
The 1st, 2nd and 3rd Canadian Infantry Divisions begin to move toward Vimy Ridge.
18 OCTOBER 1940
The destroyer HMCS Skeena rescues six from the torpedoed SS Bruse.
The first all-Canadian mercy flight is en route to Poland with a cargo of 2,500 kilograms of penicillin. 20 OCTOBER 1671
Bachelors are ordered to marry the Filles du Roi, brides from France, or lose their hunting, fishing and fur-trading rights.
21-22 OCTOBER 1944
In Savio, Italy, Ernest “Smoky” Smith holds his position against a firing tank, then shoots and disables it, earning the Victoria Cross.
23 OCTOBER 1942
British Lt.-Gen. Bernard Montgomery launches the second Battle of El Alamein against Axis forces in North Africa.
24 OCTOBER 1921
The Nova Scotian schooner Bluenose wins her first International Schooner Championship.
The first Canadian to earn a Victoria Cross, Lt. Alexander Dunn saves two colleagues during the Charge of the Light Brigade in Balaclava, Crimea.
26 OCTOBER 1813
Charles de Salaberry and 1,600 Voltigeurs turn back 3,000 invading Americans at the Chateauguay River in Quebec.
27 OCTOBER 1915
King George V visits the Canadian Corps on the Western Front.
The Cuban Missile Crisis ends; Russian missiles will be removed from the island.
29 OCTOBER 1958
Rescue workers find 12 survivors of a Springhill, N.S., mine disaster; seven more will be rescued, but 74 die.
30 OCTOBER 1899
A 1,000-man contingent leaves Quebec City, bound for the Boer War.
31 OCTOBER 1944
The Canadian Army attacks the causeway to Walcheren Island on the Scheldt estuary in the Netherlands.