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Month: May 2013

The Havoc Continues: Closing In On Falaise

The Havoc Continues: Closing In On Falaise

While the Canadians fought towards Falaise, the Americans—to the west—were advancing more quickly. By the evening of Aug. 8 it was clear the Germans had failed in their attempt to cut off General George S. Patton’s 3rd U.S. Army with an attack through Mortain to the Normandy coast. The next day, with elements of 3rd U.S. Army advancing virtually unopposed towards Paris, the Supreme Allied Commander, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, agreed to try and trap the German armies in France by turning American divisions north to Argentan, a town just 20 kilometres south of Falaise. General Bernard Montgomery agreed to this dramatic modification of his master plan, but did not change the boundary separating the American and Anglo-Canadian Army Groups. On Aug. 11 he ordered the Second Canadian Corps,...
Letters From The Bowes Brothers

Letters From The Bowes Brothers – Jan. 23, 1917 France

My dearest Mother, As it is nearly a week since I wrote you last, I thought that it was up to me to continue the good work, so here goes nothing. Received Jim’s tobacco OK a couple of nights ago and it sure goes good as I’ve never seen anything like the old Canadian tobacco yet. Still considerable of it yet. Although the boys certainly like to get it and I can’t refuse them as I know what it is to get some now. Also Jim got his cake tonight and it arrived in excellent shape. Boy but it was a beauty and it tasted better than it looked. It sure was a dandy. It sure hit the right place all right. He also got his draft all right but hasn’t got it cashed as yet. As for the Parks family, the whole three were turned down but didn’t stay in England long enough to find out what happened. I...

Housekeeping Changes Raise Concerns For Legion

Changes in the way that Veterans Affairs Canada covers the cost of housekeeping and grounds maintenance for its clients in the Veterans Independence Program (VIP) is cause for concern, says Legion Dominion President Gordon Moore. Under the new plan, VAC says it is cutting red tape by sending direct payments to its VIP clients twice a year to pay for housekeeping and grounds maintenance. Up to now, clients have had to pay the amount themselves and then submit receipts for reimbursement. The amount paid will be based on past expense claims and the going rates for the work in the area that the veteran lives. Approximately 100,000 veterans are expected to be receiving the direct payments by the end of the year. In a letter sent to Veterans Affairs Minister Steven Blaney on Jan. 9, Moore ...
Letters From The Bowes Brothers

Letters From The Bowes Brothers – Jan. 12, 1917 Somewhere in France

My dear Mother, Fred just finished writing you a big letter so I will make this short for once. Snow fell at intervals this afternoon but melted as soon as it fell. I am in the church army hut listening to a band concert, so excuse the writing, for once, please. I know you will. I haven’t seen Cliff yet but hope to soon. Regarding promotion, I hope so Musie. I am a “Pete” just now but hope to come into my own again in time. Jim Steele is a private. He may be old but he certainly doesn’t look it. You say tell you everything but it is impossible. I would love to but the censors say no. I know anything I told you would be safe but letters sometimes go astray and then Hymie might get perfectly good information. I will write you again in a few days. Your loving son, James...
Trying To Stay Ahead Of The Pack

Trying To Stay Ahead Of The Pack

The failure to stem the U-boat assault in the St. Lawrence was an embarrassment to the Royal Canadian Navy and the government in 1942. Indeed, it was the clearest manifestation that Mackenzie King’s government and its fleet were not ready for a shooting war. Perhaps that is why the collapse of the navy’s major effort in the mid-Atlantic Ocean by the fall of 1942 remained such a highly guarded secret for 40 years. By the summer of 1942, 35 per cent of merchant ship convoy escorts operating between Newfoundland and Great Britain were RCN. During the last six months of that year the full weight of German U-boat wolf-pack operations fell on them. In November and December alone 80 per cent of ships hit by torpedoes in transatlantic convoys were under Canadian escort. At the end of 1942 th...
Letters From The Bowes Brothers

Letters From The Bowes Brothers – Jan. 4, 1917 France

Dear Evelyn and the rest, How are you little girl? I hope you are good and do all you can to help Mother. We miss you all so much but I sincerely hope that it won’t be long before we are able to be all together again. Be sure to keep up your music lessons so that you can play good when we get home. How is Ada, Elliott and Wee Cliff? I expect to see Cliff soon and you may be sure he will be some surprised boy. Tell Musie I will write a big letter on Sunday for sure. Your loving brother, James

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