February 1, 1920
Legislation takes effect, merging the Royal North West Mounted Police and Dominion Police into the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
February 2-3, 2002
The first large contingent of regular troops begins landing in Afghanistan.
February 4-5, 1963
Defence Minister Douglas Harkness resigns after Prime Minister John Diefenbaker refuses to arm Canada’s Bomarc missiles with U.S. nuclear warheads. The next day the government falls after two non-confidence motions over nuclear weapons policy.
February 6-7, 1813
Taking advantage of the frozen St. Lawrence River, U.S. Army Captain Benjamin Forsythe crosses into Canada and attacks Brockville.
February 7, 1867
The first draft of the British North America Act is introduced in the House of Lords in Britain. Effective July 1, it creates the Dominion of Canada as a parliamentary democracy.
February 8, 1945
First Canadian Army joins the Allied Rhineland Campaign, piercing the Siegfried Line in the first two weeks.
February 9, 2004
Canadian Lieutenant-General Rick Hillier takes command of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan.
10 February 1946
Four hundred war brides arrive in Halifax on the ocean liner Mauritania. By 1948, more than 44,000 women and nearly 21,000 children came to Canada, mostly from Britain.
February 11, 1978
A Pacific Western Airlines flight crashes at Cranbrook, B.C., killing 42 of 49 people on board.
February 12, 1947
Canada and the U.S. sign an agreement to collaborate in defence planning. One result was development of a radar system in northern Canada, later dubbed the DEW (Distant Early Warning) Line.
February 13, 1945
The German city of Dresden is destroyed by Allied bombers.
February 14, 1826
Lieutenant-Colonel John By arrives in Hull to plan construction of the Rideau Canal.
February 15, 1839
A dozen leaders of the Lower Canada Rebellion are publicly hanged in Montreal.
February 16, 1968
No. 434 Tactical Fighter Operational Training Squadron is formed at Cold Lake, Alta.
February 17, 1932
The Mad Trapper of Rat River, Albert Johnson, is killed in a shootout with RCMP following a 240-kilometre, 48-day manhunt in the Yukon.
February 18, 1942
Newfoundlanders rescue 185 from U.S. warships driven onto the rocks in a storm; 203 perish.
February 19, 1945
U.S. Marines land on Iwo Jima Island in the Pacific.
February 20, 2004
Canada pledges $5 million in aid and joins a multinational mission to stabilize growing violence in Haiti.
February 21, 1916
The Battle of Verdun begins. There will be nearly a million French and German casualties.
February 22, 1951
C Company of 2nd Bn,, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry sustains the battalion’s first casualties in Korea.
February 23, 1959
To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the first heavier-than-air powered flight in Canada, Royal Canadian Air Force members build a flight-capable replica of the Silver Dart.
February 24, 1986
Former Saskatchewan Premier Tommy Douglas, best known as the Father of Medicare, dies at 81.
February 25-26, 1945
Sergeant Aubrey Cosens braves intense fire near Mooshof, Holland, to attack and capture enemy strongpoints and take prisoners. Killed by sniper fire, he is awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously.
February 27, 1900
Moving silently through the darkness and under fire, the Royal Canadian Regiment secures a commanding position over Boer trenches, and opens fire at sunrise. The Boers shortly surrender, ending the Battle of Paardeberg.
February 28, 1991
During the month of February, CF-18 pilots from the Desert Cats Squadron based in Doha, Qatar, (formed from the 416 and 439 Squadrons) carry out 56 bombing missions against Iraqi forces.