On This Date – February 2012

FEBRUARY 1, 1944: Chinese forces attack in northern Burma at Taihpa.

FEBRUARY 2, 1943: German forces surrender at Stalingrad.

Fire at the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa.

Fire at the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa.
PHOTO: SAMUEL J. JARVIS, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA PA-024985

FEBRUARY 3, 1916: Fire destroys the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa. Only the library is saved.

FEBRUARY 4, 1917: On the Western Front, German forces begin a calculated and large-scale withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line.

FEBRUARY 5, 1994: Nearly 70 people are killed and approximately 200 others are wounded when a mortar bomb explodes in a busy market square in Sarajevo.

FEBRUARY 6, 1943: His Majesty’s Canadian Ship Louisburg is one of eight Canadian corvettes accompanying a convoy en route to North Africa when she is struck by an aerial torpedo. The corvette sinks and nearly 40 men lose their lives. Forty-eight are rescued.

FEBRUARY 7, 1945: British, American and Russian leaders meet at an undisclosed location near the Black Sea to decide on the final phase of the war against Germany.

Infrantrymen of the North Shore Regiment during Operation Veritable.

Infrantrymen of the North Shore Regiment during Operation Veritable.
PHOTO: CAPT. COLIN C. MCDOUGALL, DND, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA PA-145769

FEBRUARY 8, 1945: Second Canadian Corps participates in the opening phase of Operation Veritable, which in conjunction with an American operation is designed to destroy German forces on the west bank of the Rhine.

FEBRUARY 9, 1950: United States Senator Joseph McCarthy begins his anti-Communist campaign by pointing his accusations at a number of State Department workers.

FEBRUARY 10, 1841: The Act of Union creates Canada West from Upper Canada and Canada East from Lower Canada.

FEBRUARY 11, 1944: A Wellington bomber of 407 Squadron, RCAF, piloted by Flying Officer P.W. Heron, sinks U-283 in the North Atlantic. Heron is awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

FEBRUARY 12, 1942: German warships Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen slip through the Straits of Dover to Germany.

Armoured truck of the 5th Canadian Armoured Division crossing the Guillotiers Bridge over the Rhone River during Operation Goldflake.

Armoured truck of the 5th Canadian Armoured Division crossing the Guillotiers Bridge over the Rhone River during Operation Goldflake.
PHOTO: BARRY G. GILROY, DND, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA PA-142073

FEBRUARY 13, 1945: First Canadian Corps launches Operation Goldflake by moving to the Italian port of Leghorn for transport by ship to the south of France and by rail to the Netherlands, reuniting them with 2nd Corps and making 1st Canadian Army wholly Canadian again.

FEBRUARY 14, 1945: The Canadian 29th Motor Torpedo Boat Flotilla, stationed at Ostend Harbour, Belgium, is decimated by an explosion, the result of a high-octane fuel leak. The flotilla loses 26 sailors and five vessels. An estimated 35 British sailors die and seven Royal Navy vessels are destroyed.

FEBRUARY 15, 1965: Canada’s new national flag is raised over the Parliament Buildings for the first time.

FEBRUARY 16, 1945: His Majesty’s Canadian Ship Saint John sinks U-309 while patrolling off the coast of Scotland.

FEBRUARY 17, 1926: Saskatchewan becomes the first province to ratify the Legion’s constitution and form a command.

Troops of the Royal Canadian Regiment crossing Paardeberg Drift.

Troops of the Royal Canadian Regiment crossing Paardeberg Drift.
PHOTO: REINHOLD THIELE, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA C-014923

FEBRUARY 18, 1900: The Battle of Paardeberg Drift in South Africa begins, and over the next several days becomes Canada’s first great victory overseas.

FEBRUARY 19-20, 1945: The 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade launches a successful, limited-objective set-piece attack against the Goch-Calcar road, southeast of Moyland Wood in Germany.

Dr. Frederick Banting

Dr. Frederick Banting
PHOTO: ARTHUR S. GOSS, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA PA-123481

FEBRUARY 21, 1941: Sir Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, is killed in a plane crash.

FEBRUARY 22, 1942: General Douglas MacArthur receives orders to remove his forces from the Philippines.

FEBRUARY 23, 1909: The Silver Dart is the first powered heavier-than-air machine to fly in Canada or the British Empire. It is flown by John Alexander Douglas McCurdy over Baddeck Bay, N.S.

FEBRUARY 24, 1981: Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer announce their engagement.

FEBRUARY 25, 1941: British forces capture Mogadishu in North Africa.

FEBRUARY 26, 1945: Canadian forces launch Operation Blockbuster and clear the Calcar Ridge in Germany.

A German soldier taken prisoner during a German counterattack on the 4th Canadian Armoured Division, Sogel, Germany.

A German soldier taken prisoner during a German counterattack on the 4th Canadian Armoured Division, Sogel, Germany.
PHOTO: ALEX M. STIRTON, DND, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA PA-129752

FEBRUARY 27, 1945: Fighting for the Hochwald gap begins as Canada’s 4th Armoured Division drives into the fray during the Battle of the Rhineland.

FEBRUARY 28, 1991: United States President George Bush announces a ceasefire in the Persian Gulf War.

 

For ON THIS DATE March Events, come back to legionmagazine.com on March 1st, 2012

 

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