September 1, 1905: Alberta and Saskatchewan join Confederation.
September 2, 1998: Swissair flight 111 bound for Geneva crashes into the Atlantic a few kilometres off the shore of Peggy Cove, N.S. All 229 people on board perish; a major recovery effort is launched.
September 3, 1943: The Allied invasion of mainland Italy begins.
September 4, 1914: The military camp at Valcartier, Que., swells with 32,000 men and 8,000 horses.
September 5, 1918: The Royal Canadian Navy Air Service is authorized to operate United States Navy air stations in Nova Scotia.
September 6, 1952: The CBC inaugurates Canada’s first domestic television broadcast service.
September 7-9, 1939: In reaction to British and French declarations of war against Germany, Canada’s Parliament meets in special session, and on Sept. 9 pledges support to Britain and France. The next day, Britain announces Canada has declared war on Germany.
September 10-12, 1944: Under command of 1st Canadian Army, 1st British Corps captures the Channel port of Le Havre in Operation Astonia.
September 13, 1915: After 2nd Canadian Division is raised, a Canadian army corps consisting of two divisions is formed under command of Lieutenant-General E.A.H. Alderson.
September 14, 1960: The level of violence is escalating in the Congo following a military coup.
September 15, 1959: Georges Vanier begins his term as Governor General.
September 16, 1974: The RCMP accepts female officers—thirty-two are sworn in. The announcement to begin accepting applications came the previous May.
September 17, 1944: The 8th and 9th Canadian Infantry Brigades capture the port of Boulogne under Operation Wellhit.
September 18, 1961: The remains of United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold are identified following a plane crash in Northern Rhodesia.
September 19, 1980: It is announced that Terry Fox will become the youngest Canadian to receive the country’s highest civilian award—the Companion of the Order of Canada.
September 20, 1987: The Pope (John Paul II) visits Fort Simpson, N.W.T.
September 21, 1944: Greek and Canadian troops enter Rimini, Italy.
September 22, 1941: University air training squadrons are formed.
September 23, 1915: The Canadian Corps now boasts 1,354 officers and 36,522 men.
September 24, 1939: Quebec Premier Maurice Duplessis calls and election, stating that a “vote for him is a vote for autonomy against conscription.”
September 25, 1950: Three months after it fell to North Korean forces, United Nations forces have taken control of Seoul, the capital of South Korea.
September 26, 1939: Britain proposes that Canada be responsible for training Commonwealth airmen.
September 27, 2005: Governor General Michaëlle Jean is appointed.
September 28, 2000: Former Canadian prime minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau dies.
September 29, 1979: Pope John Paul II calls on the people of Ireland to end violence and return to peace.
September 30, 1938: Following a conference in Germany, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain returns to England with a non-aggression pact signed by Adolf Hitler.