Month: March 2006

O Canada

The Dead Of Grosse Île

PHOTO: G. TAYLER, PARKS CANADA—H.05.46.09.01(08); ILLUSTRATION: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—C006556 Sun and shadow sweep across Grosse Île and its Celtic Cross (lower left). Inset: A sketch of passengers on board a ship. The 19th century saw vast numbers of immigrants come to Canada in search of a better life. The majority found it. But for some, the journey to a new beginning ended abruptly. Thousands died shortly after leaving their native land, either on overcrowded ships or in squalid quarantine stations. The cause of most deaths was disease, especially the great levellers cholera and typhus. Today, the peace and beauty of a small island in the middle ...
Military History

Canada's Eye Witness

PHOTOS: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA022967; ANDREW M.K. ALEXANDER, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA195987 Lord Beaverbrook (centre) poses with officers and ladies during WW I. Inset: Beaverbrook (second right) outside Canadian Cavalry Brigade headquarters in France in August 1916. The officer on the far left is Gen. Sir Sam Hughes, minister of Militia and Defence. Lord Beaverbrook is remembered for many things: as one who made millions through controversial business deals; as a British Press Baron, who used his newspapers to great effect; as a charming womanizer and socialite; and as the "foul-weather friend" that Winston Churchill turned to in World War II to ensure the efficient and massive production of aircraft. But he is also one of Canada's greatest historically minded citizen...
Air Force

Eastern Air Command: Air Force, Part 14

PHOTOS: CANADIAN FORCES—PL2730; PL23463 A flying boat from 5 (Bomber Reconnaissance) Squadron patrols over an Atlantic convoy; Inset: Squadron Leader Clare L. Annis. The Royal Canadian Air Force was not wholly unprepared when it entered World War II. The force had been receiving newer aircraft since 1934, although many of the types, like the Westland Wapiti and Blackburn Shark were hand-me-downs from the Royal Air Force. Experience in WW I had shown that German U-boats could be expected off the East Coast. Eastern Air Command had been formed in 1938 with headquarters in Halifax, and on the eve of war several flying units were transferred to i...
Army

Into Italy: Army, Part 63

PHOTO: ALEX STIRTON, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA130247 Canadian armour arrives on the shores of the Italian mainland in September 1943. While the men of 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade were fighting for the high ground overlooking the Sicilian town of Adrano, Winston Churchill, Britain's prime minister, was aboard the Queen Mary en route to Quadrant, the first Allied conference to be held at Quebec City. This was Churchill's second trip across the Atlantic in 1943 and as with his visit to Washington three months before, the purpose was to seek agreement on future strategy. During Trident, the May 1943 conference, Churchill had persuaded Ame...
Navy

The Invasion Of El Salvador: Navy, Part 14

PHOTO: LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA—PA115369 HMCS Aurora (foreground) with either HMCS Patrician or HMCS Patriot at Esquimalt, B.C., in 1921. One of the earliest objections to the establishment of a Canadian navy was the fear that it would involve Canada in situations far removed from its immediate maritime concerns of sovereignty and fisheries protection. These were not unreasonable fears. The naval establishment on the west coast was heavily involved in protecting British interests in Mexico in August 1914 when World War I started. In most cases, the mere presence of a warship with the potential to intervene ashore was enough to resolve the...
O Canada

The Lure Of The Miramichi

PHOTOS: SANDRA RHODDA, COMMUNICATIONS NEW BRUNSWICK; BRIAN ATKINSON, COMMUNICATIONS NEW BRUNSWICK An angler tries his luck near Doaktown, N.B.; Inset: Anglers talk of fish during a break along the river. In an explosion of majestic silver strength, the huge fish leaps from the sun-dappled water of a truly extraordinary river, the Miramichi. Here, where the river continues to wander through the heartland of New Brunswick, the Atlantic salmon fights with much anticipated vigour to free itself from the barb of a cunning insect, a feathery fly that has helped turn the tables in favour of the fisherman. "The Atlantic salmon is world famous for their majestic ...

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