Month: November 1998

O Canada

The Scrap That Made A Difference

In 1982, the first blue box hit the curb in Kitchener, Ont., and shortly thereafter the initiative for recycling waste material spread across Canada. As the three Rs–Reuse, Recycle and Reduce–became catchwords of the environmental movement, Canadians underwent a change in attitude. Many materials previously thought of as trash were recycled rather than thrown away. In fact, what happened in the 1980s was strikingly similar to the recycling fervor that occurred much earlier during WW II. Early in 1941, the federal government launched the National Salvage Campaign to encourage patriotism of Canadians on the home front. But, after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, the situation changed because the supply of raw materials from the Pacific w...
O Canada

Where History Flows

Paddling down the Peace River in northern Alberta, Max Finkelstein is on the last stretch of an overland journey from the British Columbia coastal fishing village of Bella Coola to Fort Chipewyan on Lake Athabasca. It’s July and Finkelstein is paddling on behalf of the Canadian Heritage Rivers System on a route taken by Alexander Mackenzie in 1793. The CHRS marketing and publicity officer sees the trip as a voluntary pilgrimage of being Canadian and as a journey to boost publicity for Canadian rivers, in particular a heritage river system that so far includes 24 designated rivers and seven nominated rivers. Finkelstein’s starting point of Bella Coola is where Mackenzie first sighted the Pacific during his historic journey from the east. The Mackenzie route from the St. Lawrence R...
War Art

Florence Wyle

Florence Wyle's bronze sculptures depict women and men at work on the home front. From top to bottom: Woman With Adapter; Furnace Man. For sculptor Florence Wyle, WW I brought welcome relief from chronic poverty. It came in the form of a commission from the Canadian War Memorials Fund, a private project run by Lord Beaverbrook that employed artists to depict the war. Between 1918 and 1919, Wyle produced a number of bronze sculptures and most of them depict women at work on the home front. The Canadian War Museum holds nine of these and they range in height from 21 to 36 inches. Each sculpture depicts a single figure and all nine are sensuous and precise works of art. Wyle sculpted on her lap and paid careful attention to the detail and accuracy of each figure. The brass figures ...
Defence Today

The Canada Forces Today: Part 1 of 4 – A Climate Of Change

by Tom MacGregor Legion Magazine is pleased to present a four-part series that takes a close-up look at today’s Canadian Armed Forces. We begin with an overview on how the Department of National Defence is attempting to cut costs while maintaining a combat-ready force. Reflecting on a career that began more than 30 years ago, Brigadier-General Jean-Michel Comtois notes, "I don’t think young people today going into the military have the same expectations as they did when I first joined. When I was first getting in, things didn’t change." But life at Canada’s Department of National Defence is indeed changing. It’s changing rapidly, visibly–and awkwardly. Under the key phrase of renewal, the department is into its fourth year of a thorough examination of itself and the way it does ev...
Army

Allied Bombing In Normandy: Army, Part 23

The ongoing debate over the role of Bomber Command in WW II generally ignores the contribution made to the direct defeat of the German army. If the role of heavy bombers in Normandy is discussed the emphasis is on the bombing of Caen or the casualties inflicted on our own troops by short bombing. The reality is that Bomber Command and the United States 8th Air Force played a major role in the Allied victory in Normandy, a role long overdue for recognition.The idea of using heavy bombers in close support of the land battle developed in mid-June 1944 when the stalemate in front of Caen and the shortage of artillery ammunition led Chief Air Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory to propose an "air bombardment behind which the army might advance." Genuine differences of opinion as well as the pers...
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